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Luk 7:48 Thy sins are forgiven.
KJV Verse:

Luk 7:48 Thy sins are forgiven.

Greek Verse:

Ἀφέωνταί σου αἱ ἁμαρτίαι.

Literal Alternative:

They have let go of themselves for you, those mistakes of yours. 

Hidden Meaning:

Unlike the English translation, the Greek does not have anyone "forgiving" these sins. 

The "thy" here is the common Greek pronoun. In the source here, it appears after "sins", which is a common pattern for Christ.

The word translated as "sin" is a form of a word that means "to fail in one's purpose", "to neglect," and "to be deprived of." It has no sense of doing malicious evil in Greek. The best English translation is "mistakes" or "failures" rather than what we commonly think of as the evils of "sin." See this article for more information and context.

The word translated as "are forgiven" primarily means "to let go" or "to send away." This same word is usually translated as "leave", "forgive", "suffer," and "let" in the New Testament. The verb form here can either be the possible present ("might be let go") or the completed past tense ("have been let go") .

As with the other versions of this verse, the verb form isn't passive ("been forgiven"), but a form where the subject acts on themselves. "Have let go of themselves". 


Ἀφέωνταί  (verb 3rd pl pres subj mp or verb 3rd pl perf ind mp) "Are forgiven" is from aphiemi, which means "to let fall", "to send away", "give up", "hand over", "to let loose", "to get rid of", "to leave alone", "to pass by", "to permit," and "to send forth from oneself."

σου (adj sg masc/neut gen) "Thy" is from sou which means "you" and "your."

αἱ ἁμαρτίαι. (noun pl fem nom) "Sins" is from hamartia, which means "to miss the mark", "failure", "fault," and "error." Only in religious contexts does it become "guilt" and "sin."

Related Verses:

 Luke 5:20 Man, thy sins are forgiven thee.

Mark 2:5 Son, your sins be forgiven you.

Matthew 9:2 Son, be of good cheer;

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