Luke 20:24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it?

KJV Verse: 

Luke 20:24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it?

Greek Verse: 

Literal Alternative: 

Display to me a denari. Of whom does it hold an image and a title?

Hidden Meaning: 

 

"Shew" is an uncommon verb that means "show", "point out", "make known", "display", "exhibit", and "offer." The form is a common. A different version of this word appears in Matthew. It is a completely different word in Mark.

The "me" is in the indirect object form on the first-person pronoun, so usually "to me", though the form has other uses in Greek. 

"A penny" is from the Greek word for a denarius, which was a coin of silver, which had the purchasing power of about $70-$80 today (though comparisons are obviously not very meaningful). It was the standard wage for a day's labor by a general laborer, which for most of human history was an agricultural worker.  Matthew uses a different word translated as "money".  Mark uses this word.

The word translated as "whose" means primarily "anything" or "anyone." In a question, it can mean "who", "why," or "what." It is in the possessive form, so "of whom" or "whose."

"Image" is from eikôn, which means "likeness", "image", "image in a mirror", "personal description", "semblance", "comparison," and "archetype." It is the source of our word "icon." There is

"Superscription" is from epigraphê, which means "inscription", "title", and "description." It is from the verb that means, literally, "to write upon."

The word translated as "hath" means to "have", "possess", "bear", "keep close", "have means to do",  "to have due to one", or "keep" and . This verb isn't used to form past tenses as it is in English. 

There is not "it" in the Greek.

Vocabulary: 

Δείξατέ [uncommon] ( verb 2nd pl aor imperat act ) "Shew" is from deiknyo, which means "show", "point out", "make known", "display", "exibit", and "offer."

μοι (noun sg masc dat) "Me" is emoi, which is 1st person,singular dative pronoun meaning "me' as the indirect object of a verb.

δηνάριον:  (noun sg neut gen) "A penny" is from denarion, which was the principle silver coin of the Roman Empire in NT times.

τίνος (irreg sg gen) "Whose" is tis which can mean "someone", "any one", "everyone", "they [indefinite]", "many a one", "whoever", "anyone", "anything", "some sort", "some sort of", "each", "any", "the individual", "such," and so on. In a question, it can mean "who", "why," or "what."

ἔχει ( verb 3rd sg pres ind act ) "Hath" is echo, which means "to have", "to hold", "to possess", "to keep", "to have charge of", "to have due to one", "to maintain", "to hold fast", "to bear", "to carry", "to keep close", "to keep safe," and "to have means to do."

εἰκόνα ( noun sg fem acc ) "Image" is from eikôn (eikon), which means "likeness", "image", "image in a mirror", "personal description", "semblance", "comparison," and "archetype." It is the source of our word "icon."

καὶ (conj/adv) "And" is kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just." -- The Greek word translated as "and" is used as the conjunction "and", but it also is used to add emphasis ("also"). In a series, is best translated as "not only...but also." After words implying sameness "as".

ἐπιγραφήν; ( noun sg fem acc )  "Superscription" is from epigraphê (epigraphe) which means "inscription", "title", and "description." It is from the verb that means, literally, "to write upon." This word is a combination of epi, (epi) which means "on", "upon", "at", "by", "before, ""across," and "against ""and graphê (grapho), which means "representing by means of lines", "a drawing", "writing", "the art of writing," and "that which is written." It came to mean "scripture" from its use in the Gospels.

Related Verses: 

Dec 12 2018