Luke 12:52 For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided,

Greek : 

Literal Verse: 

There is going to be as a cause from the now five within a single household, having been divided, three upon two (having been plunged) and two upon three. 

KJV : 

Luke 12:52 For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three.

What is Lost in Translation: 

This verse brings together the last two verses into a fun play on words. While the message sounds negative, it is wrapped in a little wordplay lost in English that unites the idea of"baptism" (from Luke 12:50) with the idea of "division" (from Luke 12:51 ). This verse also refers to Luke 11:17 Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; using a very uncommon word for divided there and here. 

The word translated as "for" introduces a reason or explanation so "because" and, in questions, "why." However, since this word always appears in the second position, it is more like an aside remark like, "as an explanation" or "as a cause". 

The word translated as "from" means "from" in both location and when referring to a source.

"Henceforth" is two Greek words meaning literally "from this now". The "this" is the Greek definite article, which usually precedes a noun and, without a noun, takes the meaning of "the one." The Greek article is much closer to our demonstrative pronouns ("this", "that", "these", "those"). See this article for more. The Greek adverb translated as "now" means "now", "at the present moment","presently," and "as it is."

The verb "there shall be" here is the common form of "to be" in Greek. It means to have a certain characteristic or remain in a certain condition. When the verb "to be" appears early in the sentence before the subject, the sense is more like "it is" or, in the plural, "there are." Here, it is the future tense, "there will be". 

"Five" is the number five. 

The word translated as "in" also means "within", "with," or "among."

The Greek word translated as "one " means "one" (as opposed to other numbers), "single," and "one and the same."As in English, it can be used as a pronoun, meaning a single person.

The Greek word translated as "house," is any dwelling place but not exclusively a separate house. It means the household or clan that lives in the building as well. This is the same Greek word for "house" used in the "house divided" verse. 

"Divided" is a verb, in the form of an adjective which means "to divide", "to separate," and "to be divided." It is a more complex form word that the word used in Matthew's version of "house divided".  The noun form of this same root word was translated as "division" in Luke 11:17.  

"Three" is from the word from describing the numeral three. 

The word translated as "against" means "against", "before", "during", "by" or "on."

The Greek word for "two" means "two" or a "couple." However, in the form it is in, it is also an adjective form of a word that means "sink" or "plunge" so the double meaning is "been plunged". "To plunge" or "to dunk" is also what the verb translated as "baptize" means. So the two are the baptized, the immersed. 

The Greek word translated as "and" is used as the conjunction "and", but it also is used to add emphasis ("also") and, In a series, it is best translated as "not only...but also." 

The Greek word for "two" means "two" or a "couple."  In this form, it just means two, but the meaning has already been established. 

The word translated as "against" means "against", "before", "during", "by" or "on."

"Three" is from the word from describing the numeral three. 

Wordplay: 

Related Verses: 

Greek Vocabulary: 

ἔσονται (verb 3rd pl fut ind mid) "There shall be" is eimi, which means "to be", "to exist", "to be the case," and "is possible." (The future form is esomai. The 3rd person present indicative is "esti.") 

γὰρ (partic) "For" comes from gar which is the introduction of a clause explaining a reason or explanation: "for", "since," and "as." In an abrupt question, it means "why" and "what." --

ἀπὸ (prep) "From" is apo, a preposition of separation which means "from" or "away from" from when referring to place or motion, "from" or "after" when referring to time, "from" as an origin or cause. --

τοῦ (article sg masc/neut gen) "Henceforth" is the Greek definite article, (with nyn below) "the," which usually precedes a noun and, without a noun, takes the meaning of "the one" or, in the plural, "the ones." 

νῦν (adv) "Henceforth" is nyn (nun), (with the article above)which means "now", "at the present moment", "at the present time", "just now", "presently," and "as it is." -- 

πέντε (number) "Five" is pente, the number five. 

ἐν (prep) "In" is en, which means "in", "on", "at", "by", "among", "within", "surrounded by", "in one's hands", "in one's power," and "with". --

ἑνὶ (noun sg masc/neut dat ) "One" is heis, which means "one" (as opposed to other numbers), "single," and "one and the same." --

οἴκῳ (noun sg masc dat) "House" is oikos, which means "house", "dwelling place", "room", "home", "meeting hall", "household goods", "substance," and "ruling family." It is any dwelling place but not exclusively a separate house. --

διαμεμερισμένοι, [uncommon](part pl perf mp masc nom) "Divided" is from diamerizowhich means ""divide", "distribute", "part", and "separate". 

τρεῖς (numeral pl masc nom) "Three" is from treis, which means the number three. -- 

ἐπὶ (prep) "Against" is epi, which means "on", "upon", "at", "by", "before", "across," "during", and "against." --

δυσὶν (numeral pl masc dat) "Two" is duo, which means the number "two", "a couple," and "a pair." -- OR [unique](part pl aor act masc dat) "Two" is duo2, which is a verb in the form of an adjective meaning "cause to sink", "sink", or "plunge". 

καὶ (conj/adv) "And" is kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just." --

δύο (numeral pl nom) "Two" is duo, which means the number "two", "a couple," and "a pair." -- The Greek word for "two" means "two" or a "couple."

ἐπὶ (prep) "Against" is epi, which means "on", "upon", "at", "by", "before", "across," "during", and "against." -- The word translated as "unto" means "against", "before", "during", "by" or "on."

τρισίν, (numeral pl masc dat) "Three" is from treis, which means the number three. -- "Three" is from the word from describing the numeral three. 

Front Page Date: 

May 7 2018