Luke 21:19 In your patience possess ye your souls.

Greek : 

Literal Verse: 

In that endurance of yours, you a going to acquire for yourselves that ego yours.

KJV : 

Luke 21:19 In your patience possess ye your souls.

Interesting and Hidden Aspects: 

The KJV misses all the philosophically interesting points here. This statement isn't clearly positive or negative.  First, there is the sense that a "soul" is acquired. Second, while all the other nouns and verbs here are plural, the "soul" or "ego" is singular. There is only one that we can all acquire. All the key words are translated oddly to conform to a certain dogma that the verse doesn't support.

The word translated as "in" also means "within", "with," or "among."

The word translated as "your" is plural addressing a group of Jesus's listeners. It follows the noun, which is optional and so intentional,  so "of yours" is more correct.

"Patience" is an  uncommon word, a noun meaning, "remaining beautiful", " endurance",  in bad sense, "obstinacy", of plants, "power to endure", and "enduring to do". "Endurance" is a better translation than "patience". This word is used to describe the ability of plants to endure, which we would call "hardiness". 

The term translated as "possess ye" means "to acquire," but specifically for yourself. It also means "to possess" in the sense of having something stored in opposition to the common Greek word that means "possess" in the sense of having it in hand. So the sense is either that a ego is found stored within your endurance or that you acquire it by endurance. This is in the future tense.

The word translated as "your" is plural addressing a group of Jesus's listeners. It follows the noun, which is optional and so intentional,  so "of yours" is more correct. 

The word translated here as "souls" is singular, psyche, a common word in Greek, familiar in English, meaning "life", "soul", "consciousness," and "a sense of self." Jesus uses it to specifically mean our identity in our worldly life, the role we play on earth, what we commonly call our "ego", not the soul that lives after death. See this article for detail about this word and related words. 

Wordplay: 

Related Verses: 

Greek Vocabulary: 

ἐν (prep) "In" is en, which means "in", "on", "at", "by", "among", "within", "surrounded by", "in one's hands", "in one's power," and "with". --

τῇ ὑπομονῇ [uncommon](noun sg fem dat ) "Patience" is hypomone, which means "remaining beautiful", " endurance",  in bad sense, "obstinacy", of plants, "power to endure", and "enduring to do".

ὑμῶν (pron 2nd pl gen) "Your" is humon, the plural possessive form of su the pronoun of the second person, "you." --

κτήσεσθε [uncommon]  (verb 2nd pl fut ind mid ) "Possess ye" is from ktaomai, which means to "acquire", "get specifically for oneself", "procure for oneself", "win", "bring upon oneself (of consequences)," and "have in store (opposite of echo, "having in hand").

τὰς ψυχὰς ( noun sg fem gen ) "Souls" is psyche, which means "breath", "life", "self", "spirit," and "soul." It has the clear sense of the conscious self and is often translated as "life" in the Gospels. It is also used to describe "the spirit" of things. It is often translated as "soul." 

ὑμῶν. "Your" is humon, the plural possessive form of su the pronoun of the second person, "you." -- The word translated as "your" is plural addressing a group of Jesus's listeners.

Front Page Date: 

Jan 7 2019