Luke 22:67 ... If I tell you, ye will not believe:

Greek : 

Literal Verse: 

If I might tell you, you probably won't believe.

KJV : 

Luke 22:67  ... If I tell you, ye will not believe:

Interesting and Hidden Aspects: 

This verse gets into the complexities of the "if/then" conditions in Greek. The form doesn't say that the person won't believe, but that they probably won't.

The "if" is not the simple "if" in Greek but the Greek word meaning "if might" indicates more of an expectation of something happening than "if" alone. This is often how we use the word "when".  This word is used in two forms of "if/then" statements, one of certainty when used with one verb form in the then clause and one of probability when used with another verb form.

"I tell" is from the Greek verb that means "to say" and "to speak" also. The form is one of possibility, which is always used with the "if" conjunction.

The Greek pronoun "you" here is plural and in the form of an indirect object, "to you", "for you", etc. 

The Greek word translated as "ye will...believe" does not apply to religious belief as much as it does trusting in other people, especially their word. Christ usually uses it in contexts, as the one here, that apply to trusting words. The verb is in the future tense. This form of if/then indicates something that usually  happens.

The "not" here is both of the Greek negatives used together. Greek has two negatives, one objective, one subjective. The use of both together is more extreme, like saying "you cannot really think" or "never". The use of this double negative is especially entertaining because the verb can take either the objective or subjective negative depending on the meaning. You would think it would only take the subjective because we think of "belief" representing  thought, but the idea of "trust" is more than a belief. It can be the basis of actions. So the negation of "belief" with the objective, instead of subjective negative, equates trust with a fact. While the negative with the subjective equate trust with a feeling. The use of both? Both fact and feeling.

Greek Vocabulary: 

Ἐὰν (conj) "If" is ean, which is a conditional particle (derived from ei (if) and an (might), which makes reference to a time and experience in the future that introduces but does not determine an event. --

ὑμῖν (pron 2nd pl dat) "You" is humin the plural form of su the pronoun of the second person, "you." --

εἴπω ( verb 1st sg aor subj ) "I have called" is eipon, which means "to speak", "to say", "to recite", "to address", "to mention", "to name", "to proclaim", "to plead", "to promise," and "to offer." --

οὐ μὴ (partic) "Never" is ou me, the two forms of Greek negative used together. Ou is the negative adverb for facts and statements, negating both single words and sentences. Mê (me) is the negative used in prohibitions and expressions of doubt meaning "not" and "no." As οὐ (ou) negates fact and statement; μή rejects, οὐ denies; μή is relative, οὐ absolute; μή subjective, οὐ objective. --

πιστεύσητε: ( verb 2nd pl fut ind act) "You will...believe" is pisteuo, which means "to trust, put faith in, or rely on a person", "to believe in someone's words", "to comply", "to feel confident in a thing," and "to entrust in a thing." --

Front Page Date: 

Feb 26 2019