Luke 10:26 What is written in the law? how readest thou?

KJV Verse: 

Luk 10:26 What is written in the law? how readest thou?

Greek Verse: 

Literal Alternative: 

Within the customs, has anything been recorded itself? I suppose you know well. 

Hidden Meaning: 

The word translated as "what" means primarily "anything" or "anyone," but Jesus often uses it to start a question so it means "who", "what", or even "why".  In English, the question form might be translated more accurately as "is anything"? 

The Greek word for "is written" means to "mark" or "inscribe" but it describes all forms of writing characters and drawing graphics. The base of this word is our root word for "graphics" and "graph". However, it is not in a passive "has been written" form. Its form is a middle form where the subject, the "anything" inscribes itself. 

The word translated as "in" also means "within", "with," or "among."

The Greek word translated as "the law" describes the social norms, which can be "tradition", "customs", "common practice," or the "laws." Christ also uses it to refer to the first five books of the OT written by Moses.

The word translated as "how", "in any way", and "I suppose"

"Readest thou" is a verb that means "know well", "recognize," and "know again." It is always translated as "read" in the Gospels, but that always comes from the fact that it is used in reference to the law or written law. However, Jesus is never talking about "reading". He is talking about "knowing well" and "recognizing", which may have been read or heard or memorized, all of which were common in a relationship to scripture. 


Ἐν (prep) "In" is en, which means "in", "on", "at", "by", "among", "within", "surrounded by", "in one's hands", "in one's power," and "with".

τῷ νόμῳ (noun sg masc dat) "The law" is nomos, which means "anything assigned", "a usage", "custom", "law", "ordinance," or "that which is a habitual practice." It is the basis of the English words "norm" and "normal".

τί (pron sg neut nom) "What" is tis which can mean "someone", "anyone", "everyone", "they [indefinite]", "many a one", "whoever", "anyone", "anything", "some sort", "some sort of", "each", "any", "the individual", "such," and so on. In a question, it can mean "who", "why," or "what."

γέγραπται; (verb 3rd sg perf ind mp) "It is written" is grapho which means "to mark", "to express by written characters", "to write a letter", "to write down [a law]", "to proscribe", "to ordain", "to write for oneself", "to enroll oneself", "to draw signs", "to describe a figure" "to brand," and "to indict."

πῶς (adv/conj) "How" is pos, which means "how", "how in the world", "how then", "in any way", "at all", "by any mean", "in a certain way", and "I suppose."

ἀναγινώσκεις; (verb 2nd sg pres ind act) "Readest thou" is from anaginosko, which means "to recognize", "to know well", "to know certainly", "to know again", "to own," and "to acknowledge." -- "Have" is from a verb that means "know well", "recognize," and "know again." Here, since we are talking about the sexes, recognize seems most appropriate.

Jan 25 2018