Luke 20:16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen,

KJV Verse: 

Luke 20:16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others.

Greek Verse: 

Literal Alternative: 

He shall show up and destroy the vine-dressers, those ones, and he will give the vineyard  to others

Hidden Meaning: 

Again,  a very strait forward translation. This ending is surprising because it is so undramatic. Jesus stories usually end with a double-meaning or some surprise. The next verse also seems a bit of a non sequitur. The reaction of the crowd objecting to the ending is also strange. The KJV has it as "Go forbid", but which really means, "No, he don't want it to happen." Strange. In the version in Matthew, this line isn't said by Jesus, but by his listeners answering his question.

The word translated as "he shall come" primarily means "to start out" but Christ usually uses it to mean "come" but not always. It indicates movement, especially its beginning, without indicating a direction toward or away from anything, so it works either as "come" or "go," but it is more like our phrase "being underway." Our English word "show up" captures both the "start" and "come" ideas. 

The Greek word translated as "and" is used as the conjunction "and", but it also is used to add emphasis ("also").

The word translated as "destroy " means to destroy or demolish.

"These" is a demonstrative pronoun that means "this", "here", "the nearer," and "the familiar."

"Husbandmen" is a noun that means "husbandman", "vine dresser", "gardener," and "peasant."

The Greek word translated as "and" is used as the conjunction "and", but it also is used to add emphasis ("also"). In a series, is best translated as "not only...but also." After words implying sameness "as".

The verb translated as "shall give" means "to give", "to grant", "to hand over", "appoint", "establish," and "to describe." It is almost always translated as some form of "give."

"The vineyard" is a noun that means simply "vineyard."

"To others" is an adjective that means "another", "one besides", "of another sort", "different", and so on. The "to" comes from the form which is an indirect object.

Vocabulary: 

ἐλεύσεται ( verb 3rd sg fut ind mid ) He shall come" is erchomai, which means "to start," "to set out", "to come", "to go," and any kind of motion. It means both "to go" on a journey and "to arrive" at a place.

καὶ (conj/adv) "And" is kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just."

ἀπολέσει ( verb 3rd sg fut ind act ) "Destroy" is apollymi, which means "to demolish", "to lay waste", "to lose", "to perish", "to die", "to cease to exist," and "to be undone."

τοὺς γεωργοὺς ( noun pl masc acc) "Husbandmen" is from geôrgos (georgos), which means "husbandman", "vine dresser", "gardener," and "peasant."

τούτους, ( article pl masc acc ) "These" is toutou, which is a demonstrative pronoun that means "this", "here", "the nearer," and "the familiar."

καὶ (conj/adv) "And" is kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just."

δώσει (verb 3rd sg fut ind act) "Shall give" is didomi, which means "to give", "to grant", "to hand over", "appoint", "establish," and "to describe." --

τὸν ἀμπελῶνα ( noun sg masc acc ) "Vineyard" is ampelon which means simply "vineyard."

ἄλλοις. (adj pl masc dat) "To others" is allos, which means "another", "one besides", "of another sort", "different", "other than what is true", "as well", "besides," {with numerals: "yet", "still", "further"), "of other sort", "other than what is", "untrue", "unreal", "other than right", "wrong", "bad", "unworthy," [with an article] "the rest", "all besides," and [in series] "one...another."

Related Verses: 

Dec 8 2018