Matthew 20:21 What do you want?...

KJV Verse: 

Mat 20:21 What wilt thou?

Greek Verse: 

Literal Alternative: 

What do you desire?

Interesting and Hidden Aspects: 

This is a short phrase, addressed to the mother of two of his apostles, requesting a favor. As with most of Christ's casual conversations, it is straight forward language. However, it is the most basic question in life.

There word translated as "what" means "anything" or "anyone," but in short questions it means "who", "what," or "why"

The Greek word translated as "wilt thou" is not the same as the helper verb "will" in English, which primarily expresses the future tense. Its primary purpose is to express consent and even a delight in doing something. It means "to be resolved to a purpose" and "to desire."

Greek Vocabulary: 

Τί (irreg sg neut nom/acc) "What" is from tis which can mean "someone", "any one", "everyone", "they [indefinite]", "many a one", "whoever", "anyone", "anything", "some sort", "some sort of", "each", "any", "the individual", "such," and so on. In a question, it can mean "who", "why," or "what."

θέλεις; (verb 2nd sg pres ind act) "Wilt thou" is from thelo, which as a verb means "to be willing (of consent rather than desire)", "to wish", "to ordain", "to decree", "to be resolved to a purpose" "to maintain", "to hold", "to delight in, and "will (too express a future event)." As an adverb, "willingly," and "gladly." and "to desire." As an adjective, it means "wished for" and "desired." --

The Spoken Version: 

Anything you want?