Luke 20:41 How say they that Christ is David's son?

Greek : 

Literal Verse: 

How do they recount the anointed to be David's son?

KJV : 

Luke 20:41 How say they that Christ is David's son?

Interesting and Hidden Aspects: 

The word "Christ" is not translated in our Bible. It means "anointed". It is like a lot of other words, "satan", "hypocrite", and so on where we don't read what Jesus spoke, but the meaning created by the Bible for this word.

The word translated as "say they " is the most common word that means "to say," and "to speak," but it also means "to teach," which seems to be the way Christ uses it more frequently. It also has many ancillary meanings such as "to count" ("to number" or like we might say, "to recount" a story) or "to choose for yourself." Christ usually uses this word to refer to his own speaking or teaching.

There is no "that" in this phrase. The phrase is what is said and it is in the form of an object, not an independent clause.

The word translated as "Christ" means "anointed." In the NT, it is understood to mean the Messiah, following the anointing of the kings of Israel. The Jews of Jesus's era thought they understood who the Messiah was and the source of his authority. He was a descendant of David, and his authority came from David as "the anointed" king of the Jews.

The verb "is" here is the common form of "to be" in Greek. It means to have a certain characteristic or remain in a certain condition. It also equates terms or assigns characteristics. However, it is not an active verb in but an infinitive. It is part of what it said.

"David" is from is a Greek form of the Hebrew name.

The word translated as "son" more generally means "child" or "children". It can refer to all offspring in later generations, just like "father" refers to all previous generations. Jesus also used it metaphorically to describe those who follow a way of thought or set of beliefs that descend from an individual. More about it in this article.

Related Verses: 

Greek Vocabulary: 

Πῶς (adv/conj) "How" is pos, which means "how", "how in the world", "how then", "in any way", "at all", "by any mean", "in a certain way,"and "I suppose."

λέγουσιν ( verb 3rd pl pres ind act ) "Say they" is lego, which means "to recount", "to tell over", "to say", "to speak", "to teach", "to mean", "boast of", "tell of", "recite," nominate," and "command." It has a secondary meaning "pick out," "choose for oneself", "pick up", "gather", "count," and "recount." A less common word that is spelled the same means "to lay", "to lay asleep" and "to lull asleep." --

τὸν (article sg masc acc) "The" is the Greek definite article, hos, ("the"), which usually precedes a noun and, without a noun, takes the meaning of "the one" or, in the plural, "the ones." -- The word translated as "the" is the Greek definite article, which usually precedes a noun and, without a noun, takes the meaning of "the one." The Greek article is much closer to our demonstrative pronouns ("this", "that", "these", "those"). See this article for more. 

χριστὸν ( noun sg masc acc) "Christ" is christos, which means "to be rubber with salve", "used as an ointment," and, of persons, "anointed." ---

εἶναι ( verb pres inf act ) "Is" is eimi, which means "to be", "to exist", "to be the case," of circumstance and events "to happen",  and "is possible." (The future form is esomai. The 3rd person present indicative is "esti.") --

Δαυεὶδ  (Hebrew Name) "David" is from is from the Greek Daueid, which is the Greek form of the Hebrew name.

υἱόν; ( noun sg masc acc ) "Son" is huios, which means a "son," and more generally, a "child." It is used generally to refer to any male descendant.

KJV Analysis: 

How -- "How" is the adverb that means "how", "by any means", and "I suppose". 

say -- The word translated as "say " is the most common word that means "to say," and "to speak," but it also means "to teach," which seems to be the way Christ uses it more frequently. It also has many ancillary meanings such as "to count" ("to number" or like we might say, "to recount" a story) or "to choose for yourself." Christ usually uses this word to refer to his own speaking or teaching.

they -- This is from the third-person, plural form of the following verb.

that  -- There is no Greek word that is translated as "it" in the source we use today nor was there one in the source that the KJV translators used. It was added for clarity. It does exist in the more detailed version in Mark 12:35.

Christ -- The word translated as "Christ" means "anointed." In the NT, it is understood to mean the Messiah, following the anointing of the kings of Israel. The Jews of Jesus's era thought they understood who the Messiah was and the source of his authority. He was a descendant of David, and his authority came from David as "the anointed" king of the Jews.

is -- The verb "is" here is the common form of "to be" in Greek. It means to have a certain characteristic or remain in a certain condition. It also equates terms or assigns characteristics. However, it is not an active verb in but an infinitive. It is part of what it said.

David's --"David" is from is a Greek form of the Hebrew name.

son? -- The word translated as "son" more generally means "child" or "children". It can refer to all offspring in later generations, just like "father" refers to all previous generations. Jesus also used it metaphorically to describe those who follow a way of thought or set of beliefs that descend from an individual. More about it in this article.

Front Page Date: 

Dec 19 2018