Mark 10:44 And whosoever of you will be the chiefest...

KJV Verse: 

Mark 10:44 And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all.

Greek Verse: 

Literal Alternative: 

And who, if he desires to become the best is going to be everyone's slave.

Interesting and Hidden Aspects: 

This verse is the same as Matthew 20:27 except that it replaces "your slave" with "slave of all." This verse reads like a punch line to the previous verse, Mark 10:43. The "will" here does not indicate a future tense. It is the verb that means "wants."  It also uses one of Jesus's favorite "many meaning" words, which is translated as "first."  The word translated as "servant" actually means "slave." It is the last line, so it is the punchline, contrasting with the "

KJV Analysis: 

And -- The Greek word translated as "and" is used as the conjunction "and", but it also is used to add emphasis ("also").

whosoever -- Two Greek words are translated as "whosoever." The first is a demonstrative pronoun ("this," "that"), but it often acts as a pronoun ("he", "she", "who"). The second is the conjunction usually translated as "if." So the sense is "who, if."

of -- The word translated as "in" also means "within", "with," or "among."

you  -- The Greek pronoun "you" here is plural and in the form of an indirect object, "to you", "for you", etc. 

will  -- The Greek word translated as "will" is not the same as the "will" in English, which primarily expresses the future tense. Its primary purpose is to express consent and even a delight in doing something, "want," and "desire" capture it.

be -- The verb "be" here is the common form of "to be" in Greek. It means to have a certain characteristic or remain in a certain condition. It also equates terms or assigns characteristics.  The form of the verb is an infinitive, "to be." The phrase is "wants to be."

the -- There is no article in the Greek

chiefest, -- The word translated as "chiefest" takes a lot of different types of "first" meanings from its context. In place, this means "the foremost." Of time, it means "the initial." In order, it means "the first." In math, it means the prime numbers. Of rank or degree, it means "the highest" or "the best."

shall -- This indicates the future tense of the verb. However, in the KJV the "shall" is used for a variety of verb forms.

be -- The verb "be" here is the common form of "to be" in Greek. It means to have a certain characteristic or remain in a certain condition. It also equates terms or assigns characteristics. 

servant --  This is the last word in the verse, acting like a punchline. This word means "slave," but it is translated as "servant" in the KJV. The word at the end of the previous verse actually means "servant" so this word expresses the idea in a more extreme way.

of --  This comes from the form of the following adjective.

all. -- The word translated as "all" is the Greek adjective meaning "all", "the whole", "every," and similar ideas. When it is used as a noun, we would say "everything." As an adverb, it means "in every way", "on every side," and "altogether."

Greek Vocabulary: 

καὶ "And" is from kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just." In questions, introduces an objection or express surprise, "pray." Before a participle, express either "and" or "and if," "although," and "albeit." With adverbs and in answers, to give emphasis, "really,"

ὃς (pron sg masc nom) "Who-" is from hos, (with an below) which means "this", "that", "he", "she", "which", "what", "who", "whosoever", "where", "for which reason," and many similar meanings.

ἂν "-Soever" is from an, (with hosabove) which is a particle used with verbs to indicate that the action is limited by circumstances or defined by conditions. There is no exact equivalent in English, but it is translated as "possibly," "would have", "might", "should," and "could."

θέλῃ (verb 3rd sg pres subj act) "Will" is from thelo, which as a verb means "to be willing (of consent rather than desire)", "to wish", "to ordain", "to decree", "to be resolved to a purpose" "to maintain", "to hold", "to delight in, and "will (too express a future event)." As an adverb, "willingly," and "gladly." and "to desire." As an adjective, it means "wished for" and "desired."

ἐν "Of" is from en, which means "in", "on", "at", "by", "among", "within", "surrounded by", "in one's hands", "in one's power," and "with". -- The word translated as "in" also means "within", "with," or "among."

ὑμῖν (pron 2nd pl dat) "You" is from humin, the 2nd person pronoun.

εἶναι (verb pres inf act) "Be" is from einai which means "to be", "to exist", "to be the case," and "is possible."

πρῶτος (adj sg masc nom) "Chiefest" is from protos. In place, this means "the foremost." Of time, it means "the initial." In order, it means "the first." In math, it means the prime numbers. Of rank or degree, it means "the highest" or "the best."

ἔσται (verb 3rd sg fut ind mid) "Shall be" is from esti which means "to be", "to exist", "to be the case," and "is possible."

πάντων ( adj pl masc gen ) "Of all" is pas, which means "all", "the whole", "every", "anyone", "all kinds," and "anything." In the adverbial form, it means "every way", "on every side", "in every way," and "altogether."

δοῦλος: (noun sg masc nom) "Servant" is from doulos, which means a "slave," a "born bondsman," or "one made a slave."

Related Verses: 

Possible Symbolic Meaning: 

his verse is the third of four verses (Mar 10:42-45) illustrating Christ's usually pattern of three plus one. However, it also no only echoes Mar 10:31, revealing the general theme of the chapter. Being a salve to others connects the major events here that initially seem disconnected.

  • Starting with his discussion of marriage (Mar 10:3-12), Christ makes it clear that spouses are, in a very strict sense, slaves to each other.
  • To receive the kingdom (Mar 10:14-15), we must be as accepting as a little child or, in another sense, as a slave.
  • In his discussion about worldly riches (Mar 10:18-28), Christ illustrates that the choice is to be slaves to our possessions or slaves to God and others.
  • In terms of our relationships (Mar 10:29-31), we are committed to a hundred times more people and a the last among them.
  • In his accepting death (Mar 10:33-34), Christ accepts slavery to his divine purpose.
  • In answering the request of James and John (Mar 10:36-45), he tells them that they, like him, must be slaves to their destiny, but as the slave of slaves, he hasn't the authority to promise them a special place.
  • The chapter ends (Mar 10:51-52) by Christ granting a blind man his sight.
Oct 26 2019