Mark 10:6 But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female.

KJV Verse: 

Mark 10:6 But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female.

Greek Verse: 

Literal Alternative: 

From, however, an top of a founding, male and female he made them.

Interesting and Hidden Aspects: 

The biggest surprise in the Greek is that the words "male" and "female" are both actually neutral nouns. It is also surprising that the word translated as "creation" here is not the familiar genesis. The word used here is closer to "foundation." Interestingly, Matthews version of this verse (examined here) does not have this words. Matthew also uses a slightly different word for "masculine," arren instead of arsen.

 

KJV Analysis: 

But -- The Greek word translated as "but" means "but", "however", and "on the other hand". Since it always falls in the second position, translating it as "however" often captures its feeling better.  \

from -- The word translated as "from" means "from" in both location and when referring to a source.

the -- There is no definite article in the Greek. There is no indefinite article in Greek, but when a word doesn't have a definite article, the indefinite article can be added in English translation.

beginning -- "Beginning" is a noun that means "beginning", "origin", "first principles", "first place of power", "empire," and "command." This is the word from which we get both "archbishop," primal bishops who can consecrate other bishops, and "archeology," the study of ancient history.

of -- This comes from the form of the following noun.

the -- There is no definite article in the Greek. There is no indefinite article in Greek, but when a word doesn't have a definite article, the indefinite article can be added in English translation.

creation -- "Creation" is an uncommon word for Jesus that means "founding", "settling", "created thing", "creature," and "authority created." It is NOT the word for the creation of the universe, which we all know is genesis. This word only appears in Mark.

God -- These is no word for God in this verse. From the third-person, masculine, singular verb, the word "he" is justified.

made  -- The Greek word translated as "made" has the primary meaning of "making" or producing" something or "causing" or "performing" as service. It describes a productive action.  It is not as broad a word as the English "do", which covers all actions, productive or not. 

them -- The word translated as "them" is the Greek word commonly translated as pronouns in English.  there." 

male -- "Male" is another uncommon noun that means "male", "the male sex," and "the masculine gender." It also means "mighty", "robust,"" "coarse" and "tough," which adds a little perspective to the idea.

and -- The Greek word translated as "and" is used as the conjunction "and", but it also is used to add emphasis ("also"). In a series, is best translated as "not only...but also." After words implying sameness "as".

female. -- "Female" is another uncommon noun that means "female", "the female sex," and "belonging to women." It also means "soft", "gentle", "tender," and "delicate."

Greek Vocabulary: 

ἀπὸ (prep) "From" is apo, a preposition of separation which means "from" or "away from" from when referring to place or motion, "from" or "after" when referring to time, "from" as an origin or cause.

δὲ (conj/adv) "But" is de which means "but" and "on the other hand." It is the particle that joins sentences in an adversarial way but can also be a weak connective ("and") and explanation of cause ("so") and a condition ("if").

ἀρχῆς ( noun sg fem gen ) "Beginning" is from archê (arche), which means "beginning", "origin", "first principles", "first place of power", "empire," and "command." This is the word from which we get both "archbishop," primal bishops who can consecrate other bishops, and "archeology," the study of ancient history.

κτίσεως [uncommon]( noun sg fem gen ) "Creation" is from ktisis, which means "founding", "settling", "created thing", "creature," and "authority created." It is NOT the word for the creation of the universe, which we all know is genesis. This word only appears in Mark.

ἄρσεν [uncommon]( noun sg neut nom ) "Male" is from arsen, which means "male", "the male sex," and "the masculine gender." It also means "mighty", "robust,"" "coarse" and "tough," which adds a little perspective to the idea.

καὶ (conj/adv) "And" is kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just."

θῆλυ [uncommon]( adj sg neut acc ) "Female" is thelys, which means "female", "the female sex," and "belonging to women." It also means "soft", "gentle", "tender," and "delicate."

ἐποίησεν ( verb 3rd sg aor ind act ) "Made" is poieo, which means "to make", "to produce", "to create", "to bring into existence", "to bring about", "to cause", "to perform", "to render", "to consider", "to prepare", "to make ready," and "to do."

[αὐτούς]: ( adj pl masc acc ) "Them" is from autos (autos), which means "the same," and the reflexive pronouns, "myself", "yourself", "himself", "herself", "itself," or the oblique case of the pronouns, "him", "her," and "it." It also means "one's true self," that is, "the soul" as opposed to the body and "of ones own accord."

Related Verses: 

Possible Symbolic Meaning: 

The translation of  "them" can be seen as simply redundant, as in the KJV, or it can been seen as a reference to the "self" or "soul," which is a secondary meaning of the word. The word also means "the same," which is very interesting in this context. Jesus's point here might be that there is and has always been two different versions of humanity: men and women. While we share much, these two versions are inherently different in important ways. Anyone that minimizes those differences is as confused as someone who thinks that our souls are not the same in that we both have divine self-awareness as eternal creatures.

Sep 30 2019