Mark 5:9 What [is] your name?

Greek : 

Literal Verse: 

What name [are] you? 

KJV : 

Mark 5:9  What is thy name

Interesting and Hidden Aspects: 

Jesus asks this question of the unclean spirit. The Greek word translated as "name" is much more complicated than it might at first appear. It can simply mean a "name" as in English, this can be many things. It doesn't mean the thing itself, but what people call it. For example, it can mean a "false name," or "a pretense" as we say "this is a marriage in name only." It can also mean representing another person's authority, as we say, "he is acting in the name of the boss." See the second section of this article for more about the Greek concept of "name."

Related Verses: 

Greek Vocabulary: 

Τί  (irreg sg neut nom) "What" is tis which can mean "someone", "any one", "everyone", "they [indefinite]", "many a one", "whoever", "anyone", "anything", "some sort", "some sort of", "each", "any", "the individual", "such," and so on. In a question, it can mean "who", "why," or "what." 

ὄνομά (noun sg neut nom) "Name" is onoma, which means "name." It means both the reputation of "fame," and "a name and nothing else," as opposed to a real person. Acting in someone's name means to act on their behalf, as their representative. 

σοὶ  (adj pl masc nom or pron 2nd sg dat ) "Thy" is soi, which is either the plural nominative form of an adjective that means "of yours," OR the  dative form of the singular, second person pronoun, "to you".

KJV Analysis: 

What The word translated as "what" means primarily "anything" or "anyone," which are used as "what", "who", and "why" in questions.  

is  As the KJV indicates by italics, there is no verb "to be" in this sentence. However, the following noiun is in the form of a subject, which, when used without a verb, assumes the verb "to be,"

thy The word for "thy" is either the plural nominative form of an adjective that means "of yours," OR it is the  dative form of the singular, second person pronoun, "to you".  The form of this pronoun requires that addition of a preposition in English to capture its meaning, a "to" as an indirect object, a "with" for instruments, an "in" for locations, an "as" for purposes, an "of" for possession, a "by" for agents, an "as" for comparisons, and an "in" for area of affect.

name The Greek word translated as "name" is much more complicated than it might at first appear. It can simply mean a "name" as in English, this can be many things. It doesn't mean the thing itself, but what people call it. For example, it can mean a "false name," or "a pretense" as we say "this is a marriage in name only." It can also mean representing another person's authority, as we say, "he is acting in the name of the boss."

Front Page Date: 

Jul 13 2019