Mat 25:19 After a long time the lord of those servants comes

KJV Verse: 

Mat 25:19 After a long time the lord of those servants cometh, and reckoneth with them.

Greek Verse: 

Literal Alternative: 

With a long delay, he made his way, the master of the servants there, and he get together a calculation with them.

Hidden Meaning: 

This verse is interesting because the most important word in the Greek isn't translated, at least not directly. The reason is that its use here doesn't conform to the way it is always translated in the Gospels.

"After" is from the Greek word that is almost always translated as "with" or a related concept such as "among" or "by the means of". It is not the term usually translated as "after," but it has that sense when used in the context of time.

Untranslated here is the Greek word usually translated as "but" that joins phrases in an adversarial way. Since it always falls in the second position, translating it as "however" often captures its feeling better. This is not the important word I referred

The word translated as "long" means many in number, great in power or worth, long in time, and large in size.

The word translated as "time" means "time," "time", "period", "date", "lifetime", "age", "season", "delay," and "tense." Christ often uses in the general sense of "interval."

The Greek word translated as "the lord," means "having power", "being in authority" and "being in possession of." It also means "lord", "master of the house," and "head of the family."

The word translated as "those" is an adjective that highlights its noun as in a specific place from a word that means "there."

The noun translated as "servant" means "slave." It is translated as "servant" to update the Bible to the sense of the seventeenth century. Today, we would say "employee."

The word translated as "cometh" primarily means "to start out," but Christ uses it to mean "come." It indicates movement, especially its beginning, without indicating a direction toward or away from anything, so it works either as "come" or "go," but it is more like our phrase "being under way."

"Reckoneth" is a Greek verb that means "gather in a harvest", "raise or use in helping," and "take part in a thing." It is a homonym, in this form, for another word that means "bring together in a small area." The sense here is "take part together."

The important untranslated word appears here, the word usually translated as "word" from the Greek that means "explanation" or "calculation."" It is the source of our word "logic" and is the root word for all the English words that end in "-ology." Most biblical translations translated it as "word" for somewhat poetic reasons except in verses such as this where its real meaning becomes clearer. More about this word in this article.

The Spoken Version: 

"With a long delay," he said, walking around like a lord, "he makes his way back, the master of the servants there."

He indicated the three followers who were playing the parts of the three servants.

"And he takes up together an explanation," he said, gather with the three, "with them.

Vocabulary: 

μετὰ "After" is from meta, which means "with", "in the midst of", "among", "between", "in common", "along with", "by the aid of", "in one's dealings with", "into the middle of", "coming into", "in pursuit of", "after", "behind", "according to," and "next afterward."

δὲ (conj) Untranslated is the Greek word usually translated as "but" from de which means "but" and "on the other hand." It is the particle that joins sentences in an adversarial way but can also be a weak connective ("and") and explanation of cause ("so") and a condition ("if").

πολὺν (adj sg masc acc) "Long" is from polus, which means "many (in number)", "great (in size or power or worth)," and "large (of space)." As an adverb, it means "far", "very much", "a great way," and "long." --

χρόνον (noun sg masc acc) "Time" is from chronos, which means "time", "a definite period of time", "period", "date", "term", "lifetime", "age", "season", "delay," and "tense."

ἔρχεται (verb 3rd sg pres ind mp) "Cometh" is from erchomai, which means "to start," "to set out", "to come", "to go," and any kind of motion. It means both "to go" on a journey and "to arrive" at a place. --

κύριος (noun sg masc nom) "Lord" is from kyrios (kurios), which means "having power", "being in authority" and "being in possession of." It also means "lord", "master of the house," and "head of the family."

τῶν δούλων (noun pl masc gen) "Of...servant" is from doulos, which means a "slave," a "born bondsman," or "one made a slave."

ἐκείνων (adj pl masc gen) "Those" is from ekeinos (kakeinos), which means "the person there", "that person", "that thing", "in that case", "in that way", "at that place," and "in that manner."

καὶ "And" is from kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just."

συναίρει [uncommon](verb 3rd sg pres ind act) "Reckoneth" is from synairo, which means to "take up together", "gather in" (a harvest), "celebrate together", "take part in" a thing raise, "use in helping", "help", "assist","raise up together", "bind together," or "yoke together." Or "Reckoneth" is from synaireo, which means which means "grasp or seize together", "bring together in a small area", "shorten", "make away with", "destroy all trace of", "annihilate", "make short work of". and "help to take or conquer."

λόγον (noun sg masc acc) Untranslated is the word usually translated as "word" from logos, which means "word", "computation", "relation", "explanation", "law", "rule of conduct", "continuous statement", "tradition", "discussion," "reckoning," and "value."

μετ᾽ "With" is from meta, which means "with", "in the midst of", "among", "between", "in common", "along with", "by the aid of", "in one's dealings with", "into the middle of", "coming into", "in pursuit of", "after", "behind", "according to," and "next afterward." -- "After" is from the Greek word that is almost always translated as "with" or a related concept such as "among" or "by the means of". It is not the term usually translated as "after."

αὐτῶν. (adj pl masc gen ) "Them" is from autos, which means "the same," and the reflexive pronouns, "myself", "yourself", "himself", "herself", "itself," or the oblique case of the pronouns, "him", "her," and "it." It also means "one's true self," that is, "the soul" as opposed to the body and "of ones own accord." -- The word translated as "him" is the Greek word commonly translated as pronouns in English, but it has a few shades of meaning our pronouns do not have. The word technically means "the same," and when used as a pronoun can mean "the true self" as opposed to appearances.

Related Verses: 

Oct 3 2016