John 10:27 My sheep hear my voice,

Greek : 

Literal Verse: 

This flock of mine hears and understands the sound of my voice. And I learn to recognize them as they go with me.>

KJV : 

Jhn 10:27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me

Interesting and Hidden Aspects: 

This verse is a restatement of Jhn 10:4 but casting the shepherd in the first person as Christ instead of in the third person as an abstract. The earlier verses were written in the context of "teaching the real truth" (a "verily, verily statement) so Christ was making a metaphorical point about the truth. Here, he is personalizing the truth as himself.

The phrase "sound of my voice" is the best translation for the Greek word phone. It doesn't mean understanding the words or logic as much as it means recognizing the voice and getting a sense of its emotional content.

The term Christ uses for "know" doesn't refer to some a priori knowledge, but to something that is learned or recognized after contemplation or a revelation.

Christ is telling us that he recognizes those of his flock because the follow him rather than some other.

This seems to argue against the idea that verses such as this point at some "predestination" where Christ's followers are predetermined at birth, some given the grace to follow and others denied it. Here, Christ seems to indicate that the determining factor is what the followers do. Followers follow, recognizing the truth in Christ's voice. Those who do not follow do not hear that truth or, rather, choose not the believe it despite any evidence (Jhn 10:25).

Wordplay: 

On the similar sounds of "hear" (ἀκούουσιν="font-family: 'Lucida Grande', Galilee, 'Arial Unicode MS', sans-serif;">, akouousin) and "follow" (ἀκολουθοῦσίν,="font-family: 'Lucida Grande', Galilee, 'Arial Unicode MS', sans-serif;"> akolothousin) in the forms used here. 

Related Verses: 

Greek Vocabulary: 

τὰ πρόβατα "Sheep" is from probaton, which means any domesticated four-footed animal, "sheep", "cattle", "herds," and "flocks.

τὰ ἐμὰ "My" is from emos, which means "mine", "of me", "my", "relating to me," and "against me."

τῆς φωνῆς "Voice" is from phone, which means "sound", "tone", "sound of a voice", "speech", "voice", "utterance", "cry" [of animals], "sounds" [of inanimate objects], "faculty of speech", "phrase", "saying", "rumor," and "report."

μου "My" is from mou, which mean "my," or "mine."

ἀκούουσιν, (3rd pl pres ind act) "Hear" is from akouô (akouo), which means "hear of", "hear tell of", "what one actually hears", "know by hearsay", "listen to", "give ear to", "hear and understand," and "understand.

κἀγὼ "And...I" is from kago, a contraction of kai ego. "And" is from kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just." "I" is from ego, which is the first person singular pronoun meaning "I". It also means "I at least", "for my part", "indeed," and "for myself."

γινώσκω (1st sg pres ind ) "Know," is from gignôskô (ginosko) which means "to learn to know", "to know by reflection or observation," and "to perceive."

αὐτά "Them" is from autos (autos), which means "the same," and the reflexive pronouns, "myself", "yourself", "himself", "herself", "itself," or the oblique case of the pronouns, "him", "her," and "it." It also means "one's true self," that is, "the soul" as opposed to the body and "of one's own accord."

καὶ "And" is from kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just."

ἀκολουθοῦσίν (3rd pl pres ind act) "They follow" is from akoloutheô (akoloutheo), which means "to follow," and "to go with." It also means "to be guided by" and means following a leader as a disciple.

μοι, "Me" is from moi, which means "I", "me", and "my".