Mat 12:48 Who is my mother?

KJV Verse: 

Mat 12:48 Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?

Greek Verse: 

Literal Alternative: 

Who is this mother of mine? And who are these brothers of mine? 

Hidden Meaning: 

In Greek, these questions are phrased in a more entertaining way. This verse and the following two verses (Mat 12:49, Mat 12:50) end a chapter where the overarching theme has been how worthwhile people produce worthwhile things. Here, the issue is the source of things and what comes from that source.

There word translated as "who" means "anything" or "anyone," but in questions is translated as"who" or "what." Its use by Christ often signals a question. It is in the female singular form. 

The verb is the standard Greek verb "to be". 

The phrase "my mother" is actually "the mother of mine" or "this mother of mine. "Mother" is the common Greek word for "mother" and "grandmothers," but it also means "the source" of something. It is introduced by an article, "the mother" or "this mother." 

The Greek word translated as "and" is used as the conjunction "and", but it also is used to add emphasis ("also").

The word translated as "who" is repeated again in the male plural form. 

The verb is again the Gree verb "to be".

The phrase "my brother" is more complex, "the brothers of mine" or "this brother of mine". 

The word translated as "brothers" means "kinsmen," and "associate." More specifically, it means "sons of the same mother."

Wordplay: 

"Mother"also means "source" and "brothers" means "sons of the same mother." 

Vocabulary: 

Τίς (pron sg fem nom)"Who" is from tis which can mean "someone", "any one", "everyone", "they [indefinite]", "many a one", "whoever", "anyone", "anything", "some sort", "some sort of", "each", "any", "the individual", "such," and so on. In a question, it can mean "who", "why," or "what."

ἐστιν (verb 3rd sg pres ind act)"Is" is from eimi, which means "to be", "to exist", "to be the case," and "is possible."

μήτηρ (noun sg fem nom) "Mother" is from meter, which means "mother", "grandmother", "mother hen", "source," and "origin."

μου, (pron 1st sg masc gen) "My" is from mou, which mean "my," or "mine."

καὶ (conj) "And" is from kai, which is the conjunction joining phrases and clauses, "and," or "but." After words implying sameness, "as" (the same opinion as you). Used in series, joins positive with negative "Not only...but also." Also used to give emphasis, "even", "also," and "just."

τίνες (pron pl masc nom) "Who" is from tis which can mean "someone", "any one", "everyone", "they [indefinite]", "many a one", "whoever", "anyone", "anything", "some sort", "some sort of", "each", "any", "the individual", "such," and so on. In a question, it can mean "who", "why," or "what."

εἰσὶν (verb 3rd pl pres ind act) "Is" is from eimi, which means "to be", "to exist", "to be the case," and "is possible."

οἱ ἀδελφοί (noun pl masc nom) "Brothers" is from adelphos, which means "son of the same mother", "kinsman", "colleague", "associate," and "brother."

μου; (pron 1st sg masc gen) "My" is from mou, which mean "my," or "mine."

 

Related Verses: 

Aug 12 2017